Module 1: Basic Concept of
Systems approach is very different than used in traditional indicators of technological change such as labour productivity, growth of turnover, product differentiations etc. The concept of innovation systems has changed the analytical perspective about innovation from the traditional linear and monolithic model to a systemic view of interactions among different actors. In this module we intend to discuss about systems approach to the analysis of economic and technical change which primary focuses on institutional environment on the one hand and flow of knowledge among various stakeholders on the other. The module covers basic concepts in innovation systems.
Module 2: Sectoral System of Innovations
This module basically covers building blocks of sectoral systems of innovation (SSI). Although contours of SSI vary from one sector to another, basic concept of institutions and organisations remains same. The module will discuss various forms of firms and institutions and their mechanism of interaction in general sense. As the stakeholders or actors differ in terms of their objective and approaches so does the interaction among them. All these issues will be covered in the discussion.
Module 3: Role of Knowledge, Networks, Actors, and Institutions in SSI
Having identified building blocks of SSI in Module 2 this module deals with SSI networks and actors. Creation and flow of knowledge among actors are also covered. Methodological issues related to analysis on innovations using SSI approach are discussed in detailed. We emphasize on the role of factors such as knowledge, technology, and institutional environment in influencing innovations.
Module 4: Dynamics of SSI
Economic systems are not static. They keep on changing due to several factors such as advances in fundamental scientific research, emergence of new products and markets and other events that influence economic systems. Consequently the roles economic agents in an economic system are subjected to change. This might result in changes in the roles existing actors or destruction of existing ones. New actors might emerge as a result of changes in economic systems. These changes are expected to affect the organisation of innovation systems. In this module we will discuss the evolutionary aspect of SSI.
Module 5: Measurement of the Performance of the System
Measurement of the performance of a system which is basically a network of actors such as firms, institutions, and policy bodies is very difficult because of heterogeneity of network elements. Moreover evaluation of the performance of a system depends on its complexity. The actors in systems like SSI have different mandate and function aimed at unified objectives of the system Hence evaluation of the performance at system level is complex. However, examination of the performance at the sub-system level or each actor separately is more realistic. In this module we will touch upon the measurements issues at the sub-system level.
Module 6: Sectoral Dynamics and Innovation Activities
A large amount of empirical evidence suggests that sectors continuously displayed varying degree on innovation activities. It is possibly due to variations in the allocation of resources in R&D activities in different sectors. For instance, almost all the countries have spent more on R&D in new technologies such as information and communication technologies (ICTs) compared to other sectors. However, economic benefits have been appropriated by few countries in this sector. This module discusses the role SSI in innovative performance of few countries in selected sectors and also the factors that govern innovation activities in different sectors.
Module 7 and 8: SSI in Telecommunications and Software Sectors
In this module we intend to present the case studies of modern sectors. The case studies are related to developed countries because there is still scarcity of literature in developing countries. However, we will make efforts to present case studies of developing countries. Each sector case study is expected to take one session.
Module 9 and 10: SSI in Pharmaceuticals and Machine- and Medical-Tools Sectors
This module will present case studies of relatively traditional sectors. Here also we will try to discuss case studies of developing countries.